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Kaifeng Facts
Kaifeng city is located in the northern part of Henan province. It is one of China's most famous ancient capitals, with around 3000 years of history, and still today retains much of the charm, mostly in a small area enclosed by the Old City Walls. 


Location




Kaifeng City is located between 113°52' - 115°15' east longitude and 34°11' - 35°01' north latitude. It lies at the plain area of east Henan Province, and on the southern bank of the Yellow River. 


Kaifeng is known as one of the six major centers of ancient Chinese civilization. The Eastern Capital, as Kaifeng was once called, was the political, economic and cultural center of the country. 





History


The city is known as one of the Seven Ancient Capitals of China with the short name of 'Bian'. The city's history can be traced back to Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC - 476 BC). It was named 'Qifeng' at that time. Later in Han Jingdi (Liu Qi) Period, it got the name of 'Kaifeng'. From 364 BC to 1233 AD, the city was the capital of the Kingdom of Wei (475-331 B.C.), Later Jin (936–946), Later Han (947–951), and Later Zhou (951–960) of the Five Dynasties (907-960), Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), and the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234), also  known as 'the Capitals of Seven Dynasties'. At the beginning of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the city was made the capital of Henan Province.

Administrative Division


The prefecture-level city of Kaifeng administers five districts and five counties, including Gulou District, Longting District, Yuwangtai District, Jinming District, Shunhe Hui District, Weishi County, Qi County, Tongxu County, Lankao County and Kaifeng County. 

Climatic Features


The city has a temperate continental monsoon climate of four distinctive seasons with adequate sunshine, warm weather and moderate rainfall. The annual average temperature is about 14 ℃ (57 ℉) and the annual average rainfall is about 670 mm. It has a frost-free period of 213-215 days.